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Buttermaker's House


Other Names:
Jackson House

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place
The Buttermaker’s House is a single storey wood frame building with a square floorplan and a gabled hip roof with an offset gable at the front. The exterior is finished in wooden clapboard siding with corner boards and decorative shingles in the front gable end. It is situated on the bank of the Medicine River, on a triangular plot of land defined by Main Avenue and Creamery Way in the hamlet of Markerville. Directly across the Way is the Markerville Creamery, with which the Buttermaker’s House is associated.

Heritage Value
The heritage value of the Buttermaker’s House rests in its association with the history of the dairy industry in Alberta.

Built in 1913, the Buttermaker’s House strongly reflects the social and economic context of the dairy industry in early twentieth-century Alberta. It was constructed for William Jackson who had been recruited to work as buttermaker at the Markerville Creamery after several years’ experience in Innisfail. Jackson was strongly representative of the class of skilled artisans who oversaw butter production and quality control on a modern, scientific basis in the early 1900s as dairy production increasingly shifted from individual farms to large-scale industrial facilities like the Markerville Creamery. Jackson lived at the Buttermaker’s House and worked at the creamery for ten years, during which time he won multiple quality awards at provincial competitions and played a leading role in the Alberta Dairymen’s Association. The house was thus a residence that served the needs of Jackson and his family and also reflected the creamery’s need to attract skilled workers vital to the facility’s long-term success. The building’s overall design and high level of interior and exterior integrity clearly convey its primary domestic function, while its close proximity to the Markerville Creamery communicates its historic association with this crucial local industry and, more broadly, the social context of rural industrialization in early twentieth-century Alberta.

Source: Alberta Culture and Tourism, Historic Resources Management Branch (File: Des. 0872)

Character-Defining Elements
The character-defining elements of the Buttermaker’s House include its:

- Original wooden exterior elements including siding, windows, doors, soffits and fascia;
- siting in close proximity to the Markerville Creamery;
- scale, massing and roof form;
- brick chimney;
- exterior cellar access;
- original wood interior elements, including baseboards, doors and window trim and kitchen cabinets;
- hedge between the house and the street; and
- open space in the yard down to the river edge.


Street Address: 109 Creamery Way
Community: Markerville
Boundaries: Portion of Lots 6 to 10, Block 1, Plan RN21
Contributing Resources: Building
Landscape(s) or Landscape Feature(s)

ATS Legal Description:
Mer Rge Twp Sec LSD

PBL Legal Description (Cadastral Reference):
Plan Block Lot Parcel
Pt. Lots 6-10

Latitude Longitude CDT Datum Type
52.1233222 -114.1726416

UTM Reference:
Northing Easting Zone CDT Datum Type


Recognition Authority: Province of Alberta
Designation Status: Provincial Historic Resource
Date of Designation: 2019/02/12

Historical Information

Built: 1913 to 1913
Period of Significance: 1913 to 1924
Theme(s): Developing Economies : Labour
Historic Function(s):
Current Function(s):

Additional Information

Object Number: 4665-0019
Designation File: DES 0872
Related Listing(s):
Heritage Survey File:
Website Link:
Data Source: Alberta Culture and Tourism, Historic Resources Management Branch, Old St. Stephen's College, 8820 - 112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P8 (File: Des. 0872)
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